By Angelo Basile, Suzana Pereira Nunes
Membrane fabrics permit for the selective separation of gasoline and vapour and for ion delivery. fabrics learn and improvement maintains to force advancements within the layout, manufacture and integration of membrane applied sciences as serious elements in either sustainable power and fresh purposes. Membrane utilisation bargains method simplification and intensification in undefined, offering inexpensive, and effective and trustworthy operation, and contributing in the direction of emissions savings and effort safeguard. complicated membrane technological know-how and know-how for sustainable strength and environmental purposes provides a complete evaluate of membrane utilisation and integration inside of strength and environmental industries.
Part one introduces the subject of membrane technology and engineering, from the basics of membrane procedures and separation to membrane characterization and fiscal research. half makes a speciality of membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) catch in coal and fuel energy vegetation, together with pre- and post-combustion and oxygen delivery applied sciences. half 3 experiences membranes for the petrochemical undefined, with chapters masking hydrocarbon gas, traditional fuel and synthesis gasoline processing, in addition to complicated biofuels creation. half 4 covers membranes for substitute power purposes and effort garage, akin to membrane expertise for redox and lithium batteries, gas cells and hydrogen creation. ultimately, half 5 discusses membranes utilisation in business and environmental functions, together with microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and ahead osmosis, in addition to water, wastewater and nuclear energy applications.
With its unique editors and crew of specialist participants, complex membrane technology and expertise for sustainable power and environmental purposes is a necessary reference for membrane and fabrics engineers and brands, in addition to researchers and lecturers drawn to this field.
- Presents a finished evaluation of membrane technological know-how and know-how, targeting advancements and purposes in sustainable strength and clean-industry
- Discusses the basics of membrane tactics and separation and membrane characterization and monetary analysis
- Addresses the most important problems with membrane utilisation in coal and fuel strength crops and the petrochemical undefined, using membranes for replacement strength functions and membrane utilisation in commercial and environmental applications
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Additional resources for Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications
1 Carbon nanotubes Among the various nanomaterials studied, CNTs have received a great deal of attention. With high hydrophilicity, good chemical stability, and high surface area, CNTs induce highly antibacterial properties and increase the porosity of nanocomposite membranes. , 2013). , 2012). , 2011) or evaporation (Tang, Zhang, Wang, Fu, and Zhang, 2009). Blending has some advantages over other methods. The method is simple and has mild conditions, reproducibility, and capability for industrialization.
1 Advances in polymeric membranes Composite (mixed matrix) membranes Sometimes when fabricating membranes, structural modiﬁcation is necessary to enhance overall performance as well as the mechanical, chemical, and thermal stability Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment. 00001-0 Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. 4 Advances in Membrane Technologies for Water Treatment of the membrane. Methods to overcome the challenges of membrane modiﬁcation have been well established for polymeric membranes.
Rahimpour and Madaeni (2007) prepared PES membrane by blending different concentrations of CAP (20, 30, and 40 wt%) and PVP (2, 4, and 8 wt%) as a pore former. Contact angle measurements showed that the hydrophilicity of membranes was enhanced for all compositions because of numerous acidic and carbonyl functional groups in the CAP structure. Pure water ﬂux, milk water permeation, and protein rejection also increased with an increase in PES/CAP compositions up to 80/20. Moreover, the antifouling property of PES membranes was improved by adding even small amounts of CAP into the casting solution.