Advocacy organizations and collective action by Aseem Prakash, Mary Kay Gugerty

By Aseem Prakash, Mary Kay Gugerty

Advocacy firms are seen as actors influenced essentially by way of principled ideals. This quantity outlines a brand new time table for the learn of advocacy agencies, featuring a version of NGOs as collective actors that search to meet normative matters and instrumental incentives, face collective motion difficulties, and compete in addition to collaborate with different advocacy actors. The enterprise analogy is an invaluable approach of learning advocacy actors simply because contributors through advocacy NGOs make offerings that are analytically just like those who shareholders make within the context of businesses. The authors view advocacy NGOs as detailed kinds of agencies that make strategic offerings in coverage markets which, in addition to developing public items, help organizational survival, visibility, and progress. Advocacy NGOs' procedure can for this reason be understood as a reaction to possibilities to provide unique advocacy items to good outlined constituencies in addition to a reaction to normative or principled concerns
''Advocacy agencies are considered as actors stimulated basically by way of principled ideals. This quantity outlines a brand new schedule for the examine of advocacy agencies, presenting a version of NGOs as collective actors that search to fulfil normative issues and instrumental incentives, face collective motion difficulties, and compete in addition to collaborate with different advocacy actors. The enterprise analogy is an invaluable means of learning advocacy actors simply because members through advocacy NGOs make offerings that are analytically just like those who shareholders make within the context of agencies. The authors view advocacy NGOs as specific different types of companies that make strategic offerings in coverage markets which, in addition to developing public items, aid organizational survival, visibility, and progress. Advocacy NGOs' method can as a result be understood as a reaction to possibilities to provide unique advocacy items to good outlined constituencies in addition to a reaction to normative or principled concerns''--''This quantity outlines a brand new time table for the learn of advocacy. We specialise in specific advocacy actors, NGO advocacy firms, taken with public advocacy. we start with the basis that on the grounds that advocacy is a collective exercise, advocacy NGOs will be considered as actors pursuing collective motion. Collective motion matters should still for this reason endure upon their emergence and methods. We draw at the company analogy, modeling advocacy NGOs as ''firms'' working in aggressive coverage markets. The enterprise analogy is instructive simply because members through advocacy NGOs make analytically related offerings concerning the collective association in their social, political, and financial activities''--  Read more... Advocacy organisations and collective motion: an advent / Aseem Prakash and Mary Kay Gugerty -- half I. The Institutional atmosphere and Advocacy association: the cost of advocacy: mobilization and upkeep in advocacy companies / McGee younger; appearing in strong religion: an fiscal method of non secular businesses as advocacy teams / Anthony J. Gill and Steven J. Pfaff; Institutional setting and the association of advocacy NGOs within the OECD / Elizabeth A. Bloodgood -- half II. Advocacy strategies and methods: the marketplace for human rights / Clifford Bob; model id and the tactical repertoires of advocacy firms / Maryann Barakso; buying round: environmental corporations and the quest for coverage venues / Sarah B. Pralle --ttPart III. overseas Advocacy and marketplace constructions: The political economic system of transnational motion between overseas NGOs / Alexander Cooley and James Ron; Advocacy enterprises, networks, and the company analogy / Jesse D. Lecy, George E. Mitchell and Hans Peter Schmitz; Shaping civic advocacy: overseas and household regulations in the direction of Russia's NGO zone / Sarah L. Henderson -- half IV. in the direction of a brand new examine application: Rethinking advocacy organizations?: a serious remark / Thomas Risse; Conclusions and destiny study: rethinking advocacy businesses / Mary Kay Gugerty and Aseem Prakash

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1975. The Strategy of Political Protest. Homewood, IL: Dorsey. Grant, R. and R. Keohane. 2005. Accountability and Abuses of Power in World Politics. American Political Science Review, 99(1): 29–43. Grossman, M. 2006. Environmental Advocacy in Washington. Environmental Politics, 15(4): 628–638. Gugerty, M. K. and A. Prakash. 2010. Voluntary Regulation of NGOs and Nonprofits: An Accountability Club Framework. Cambridge University Press. Hansmann, H. 1980. The Role of Nonprofit Enterprise. Yale Law Review 89: 835–898.

In addition, the POS approach (as opposed to the resource mobilization perspective in the social movement literature) offers little explanation for social movement resource mobilization and agency problems. While some social movement scholars recognize that successful NGOs adopt a variety of strategies that promote their causes, most tend to focus 18 Aseem Prakash and Mary Kay Gugerty on contentious politics (Tarrow, 2001) as the key organizational strategy. In this view, advocacy NGOs represent new issue demands and political values that are in conflict with the status quo (Rohrschneider and Dalton, 2002; Dalton, Recchia, and Rohrschneider, 2003).

This chapter investigates the scope and the specificity of national legislation regarding advocacy NGOs within the OECD using a new dataset containing national legislation on rules regarding the legal identity, rights, responsibilities, available resources, and political freedoms for advocacy NGOs among OECD members. The chapter tests two hypotheses. First, given the incomplete convergence in regulations regarding advocacy NGOs, the population of advocacy NGOs is expected to look different across OECD countries as NGOs strategically select where and how to operate.

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