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A comparative examine which describes and analyses the contribution of agriculture to the economies of East Asia. earlier, little recognition has been paid to the rural area which truly underpins commercial and advertisement improvement. lately, this quarter has turn into the point of interest of more and more sour fiscal disputes, in particular over defense and using import price lists. A comparative framework is used, utilizing case reviews from Japan, Taiwan and South Korea to focus on either the typical features of agriculture's position in East Asian improvement, and lines specific to the political financial system of agriculture in each one nation.
Read or Download Agriculture and Economic Development in East Asia: From Growth to Protectionism in Japan, Korea and Taiwan (Esrc Pacific Asia Programme (Series).) PDF
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Additional resources for Agriculture and Economic Development in East Asia: From Growth to Protectionism in Japan, Korea and Taiwan (Esrc Pacific Asia Programme (Series).)
The changing pattern of food demand as East Asian consumers have grown richer has, however, presented considerable problems for East Asian farmers. The share of rice in the overall value of agricultural output has steadily declined in all three countries, while the shares of livestock, fruit and vegetables have risen. 9). Meanwhile, reliance on imports, particularly for wheat and fodder crops, has continued to increase and Japan and Korea in particular have become major world importers of agricultural goods.
Village-based organisations have thus served, in many ways, as a form of mediation between rural households and the outside world, including the markets with which many farm households have been involved since well back into the pre-industrial period. In general, therefore, throughout the region, larger-scale farm units managed as specialised farm businesses and utilising hired labour and/or largescale machinery have not developed, as a rule, in arable cultivation, although they do exist in some less land-using types of operation such as pig-raising in Taiwan.
Thus state investment in and, to a greater or lesser extent, control over the agricultural infrastructure has been effected through a structure based on group organisation at the village level. Meanwhile, systems for social and political control in the countryside have hinged on a similar relationship between the centralised hierarchy of government and group organisation in the villages. All three countries are heirs to a tradition of hierarchical bureaucratic administration, within which a class of officials manned a structure of government reaching down from Emperor/ King through local-level rulers to the villages.