Amnesty International and U.S. Foreign Policy: Human Rights by Maria T. Baldwin

By Maria T. Baldwin

Akira Iriye challenged historians to affix political scientists within the learn of foreign non-governmental agencies, announcing in worldwide neighborhood (2002) that this research presents a clean point of view at the evolution of diplomacy and allows us to reconceptualize glossy international historical past. Baldwin s learn takes in this problem arguing that Amnesty foreign has performed a amazing position in shaping U.S. overseas coverage. Her examine unearths that the policymaking surroundings has been, partly, re-shaped via the paintings of Amnesty overseas, for this reason our figuring out of the policymaking procedure will be more suitable through incorporating reviews of INGOs and the importance of soppy energy into our coverage reports.

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Sample text

This influence translated into power; however, AI’s potential power was different than that wielded by governments, appropriate, considering AI is an INGO. That INGO status would be crippling if power was measured only by the number of military divisions or the amount of financial resources one had at its disposal. AI has no divisions in the military sense; although one could argue that its members act in a similar fashion in the struggle to protect human rights using weapons, such as letter-writing campaigns.

AI was also pleased with the results of its method and quickly expanded the UA network. 30 While the Prisoner of the Month and Prisoner of Conscience Week campaigns and the UA network had many successes, they did not change the fact that governments around the world continued to incarcerate POCs. Therefore another campaign was initiated in 1982 to raise global awareness about POCs. Theme Campaigns By 1982 AI had already organized theme campaigns on various human rights violations including preventing torture, abolition of the death penalty and ending arbitrary and summary executions around the world.

This human rights foreign policy analysis will build on previous human rights literature but also offers a unique perspective on the role of human rights in the area of policy construction. The history of human rights work and INGOs has been the focus of countless books and articles, especially since the 1970s. Generally these works focus on human rights philosophy or theory, narrating the story of human rights abuses thematically or geographically or telling the story of specific human rights INGOs.

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